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Scientists discovered that Graphene Oxide could help fight hospital-acquired infections

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 March 03, 2016 Latest research on graphene oxide might upgrade our capacity to fight infections obtained from hospitals and different spots. Analysts from the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Rome have examined graphene oxide in the trust of catheters and effectively developing microscopic organisms/bacteria killing medical devices. Covering all the surgical equipment with carbon-based compound could kill the bacteria. This will bring about quicker recuperation times, diminishing the quantity of post-operative diseases, and decreasing the prerequisite for antibiotics.

Graphene is a material of great importance that has been initially characterized in the most recent 10 years and recognized with the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics. Portrayed as a solitary atom thin sheet material, graphene additionally has a potential to be used in batteries, hardware, and manufacturing innovations. Graphene oxide is a type of graphene containing sub-atomic oxygen that provide protection against infection by eliminating bacteria prior entering the body. The graphene oxide encloses around bacteria and break down the membrane. A broken layer hinders the development of bacteria and eliminates it.

Graphene oxide was included in this study because of its excellent stability in water solution, permitting it to interface with human cells in a safe manner. Palmieri said that graphene disregards the human cells and attacks just the bacterial cells, however the mechanism behind it is still not very clear. Current speculations highlighted that material interferes with the bacterial cell wall, or that mammalian cells have developed a repair mechanism to withstand the concoction oxidation harm brought about by graphene. Graphene is an eco-friendly material. Antibiotic therapy and silver coated tools are the conventional techniques of avoiding infections where both appear to be harming environment.

The compound in combination with salt becomes very effective. Graphene oxide with a little amount of salt does not envelope around the microscopic organisms. In presence of excessive salt, graphene aggregates and does not puncture the bacterial membrane. Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria are the commonly hospital acquired pathogens causing infection. A 300 nm-sheet of graphene oxide solution must be added to Calcium chloride of low molarity (<10 mM) in order two destroy the two bacteria.

A new protocol was developed by Palmieri and her team to study salt mixture with graphene oxide. Mostly a spectrophotometer is been used by researchers to analyze if the mixture has killed all bacteria. The following step concentrated on analyzing graphene oxide's effect on fungi, which is likewise fit for bringing on significant issues if an open injury is tainted. Fungi cells are as of now thought to be too substantial for graphene oxide to wrap around them. 

According to Pharmaion’s report, ”Global Hospital-acquired Infections Diagnostics Market Opportunities, 2011 - 2021”, it is analyzed that fungi cells could be able to wrap around graphene oxide by changing the salt concentration in the saline solution. Thus the interaction of graphene Nano sheets with human pathogens including bacteria and fungi can prevent hospital acquired infections.

 

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